Jens Schou trained at the Royal Danish Academy of Music. After his first concert in 1972 he went to Vienna for further studies. In 1972 he received the Artists' Award of the Danish Music Critics. He was a member of the Odense Symphony Orchestra from 1969 to 1988, from 1981 as principal clarinettist. Since 1988 he has been a lecturer at the Carl Nielsen Academy of Music, Odense, Denmark. He frequently performs at concerts and has made numerous recordings.