Music can answer
the most serious questions of human life. At all events Bo Lundby-Jæger asks some of the biggest of these questions in the texts that are
sung on the CD. With the poetic flow of notes, violent eruptions and quiet
statements he lets the music speak as a kind of answer.
pieces on the CD were written in the course of the past 10-12 years in the time
after Lundby-Jæger took his diploma from the Royal Academy as a pianist. Since
then the multi-talented Lundby-Jæger has expanded his activities to include
composition, conducting and organ-playing, and one immediately senses his
far-reaching talents as a performing musician in his own chamber music. The
music is not only original and striking; it is also music written to be played
by musicians with all their musicianship and their ability to interpret. The
music thus exploits the natural sound-potential of the instruments. At the same
time it is the pianist Lundby-Jæger who lays the foundations for the bearing elements
of the music. The piano is involved at every point and with its virtuoso,
challenging motion and its varied sonorities it has the effect of a dynamo that
drives the music forward.
Bo Lundby-Jæger builds his chamber music
up from a whole range of contrasts - contrasts between words and music, between
the instruments that play melodies and those that play aggregated sounds, and
between old, well-tried forms and new, expressive melodies. At the same time
much of the music unfolds in between the polarities of singing and dancing,
between calmly lingering poetry and the aggressive pulse.
In Trio from 1996 for clarinet, cello and piano, the two movements form the
two opposites. The first admits the listener to an almost private universe
where the music revolves meditatively around some-thing sombre, inward and
melancholy. The playing instruction ‘Lento' marks a slow pace, and the
musicians perform everything under headings such as ‘quiet', ‘hushed' and
‘hesitant' at volumes from the very faintest to normal. The mood is never
heightened; a delicate, tragic beauty fills ‘world number one' in Trio. The second movement is the quite natural contrast - a ‘scherzo' or
joke. Here the silence is replaced by dancing over the keys in uncountable
rhythms, wild melodic challenges for the clarinet and nothing less than a long
cadenza for the cello, an unbridled solo in an updated version of the classic
cadenza discipline for virtuosi.
something very ‘Romantic' about the trio, in the sense that it recalls music
written at the end of the nineteenth century. The tonal idiom is of course
quite different with its free treatment of the twelve tones the piano has at
its disposal, and rhythmically it is highly varied. But the form, the piano
trio, is also classic even though it lacks the quick first movement of
nineteenth-century music. And then there is the expansive, sombre panorama that
dominates the first slow movement, the Romantic characteristic par excellence.
"The world must be romanticized," cried the Romantic Schlegel, and the slogan
reverberates through Lundby-Jæger's music.
Stages the great contrasts are interwoven among one
another as six movements: three old Chinese poems sung by a mezzo-soprano with
three instrumental movements wedged in between them for clarinets, lots of
percussion and piano, viola and double-bass.
The ‘second stage' is the introduction
to the piece. Calm as the morning mood in a forest where the birds wake up
while the light increases, the clarinet and piano play small turning melodies.
You hear knocking on a wood block, and very faintly you can hear drumbeats as a
weak pulse. The tempo picks up, everything begins to purl along and the soprano
sings a short, succinct text about life as birth and death - and about all the
life that lies beyond one's own. In the third stage the instruments play
pulsa-tingly and rhythmically, perhaps as a musical statement about this very speed
and motion of life. And so the last four movements too alternate in contrasts:
on the one hand the static and reflective, centring on the singer's text, on
the other the pulse of the instruments.
Yet it is a life in transition that the
instruments represent. While life comes closer and closer to the grave both
musically and quite literally in the text, the pulse also comes closer and
closer to dissolution. This is evident from the composer's ‘stage directions'
to the musicians, and can be heard just as clearly in the music. ‘Degenerate
fugue' is the instruction to the performing musicians in the fifth stage - that
is, a fugal ‘chase' among the voices as in the music of the Baroque, but a
chase that is falling apart. And the seventh stage has been given the playing
instruction ‘disintegration or illumination'. That is, something that is
separated and non-uniform, but which at the same time enlightens. Perhaps as
when the sun breaks through in distinct, filtered beams.
Seven Stages is three sets of musical contrasts, but it is also a little story
of development from birth to death, where the last recalls the first dawn of
the music. Life as a circle.
Something of the same alternation is
presented by Offertorium, but in micro-format. The mezzo-soprano painfully asks her God how
much time has been assigned to her on earth. In between the questions and the
tough talk about mankind's empty urge to accumulate, the percussion, violin and
piano play small passages of a more lively nature. Not that the mood is lightened
beyond the grave and melancholy, but there is a clear difference between stasis
and motion, between innovation and repetition, between words and abstract
An offertorium was originally a place to
which sacrifices were brought. In the Christian church the offertory is not
only the liturgical offering of bread and wine but also the collection, when
the congregation collects offerings for the poor. Lundby-Jæger has selected his
text from Psalm 39 in the Bible, in which the psalmodist invokes his God with a
fervent heart because it is intolerable not to know when life will end. The
uncertainty makes him abandon himself completely to the mercy of God. Perhaps
Lundby-Jæger's Offertorium is to be understood such that the greatest sacrifices are often made
when one is not certain of the result of the sacrifice?
The last two works on the CD are closely
related and yet represent two very different kinds of music. Elements is music with an action played out among the various notes like a
closed musical drama, while Three Songs is a kind of tone poem over three poems by Morten Søndergaard and
Merete Pryds Helle.
Nevertheless the three movements in Elements for flute and piano function in the same way as the Three
Songs for violin and piano. In both pieces, lurking
beneath the surface, there is a constant opposition between wild, modern
musical movements and lingering, reflective sounds. The pianist Lundby-Jæger
emerges in earnest in the first and last parts of both pieces, where the piano
is the explosive driving force that again and again sends either the flute or
the violin to the outer limits with extreme trills, long glissandi and other
movements of the pieces contrast in temperament, tempo and volume with all the
wildness. Violin and flute both turn inward with lingering melodies that only
slowly move forward. On top of the straightforward narratives of the outer
movements, it is as if the two second movements sink into dark poetry without
any true destination.
But the two pieces also develop very
differently along the way. Most of all because the two melodic instruments are
as different as they are, and because Lundby-Jæger exploits the quite special
features of the flute and violin as points of departure for writing as he does.
In Elements the flute is the opposite pole of the piano. Although in the last
movement the two keep company synchronously and both play around the same
moods, the piano has a stability and a focus that the flute does not master.
Whatever the conception of the composer, the piano always plays with exactly
the 85 notes that the hammers can strike on the strings inside. And when a
string has been struck it can never become louder than its initial volume, and
one can never really ‘tie' the individual notes. As a contrast to this one has
the flute with its unstable, airy sound. The flute can slide effortlessly from
its lowest to its highest note and can constantly vary its timbre and volume.
The ‘natural' qualities of the instruments are Lundby-Jæger's foundation, and
the result is that the flute dances freely and easily across the great swathes
of notes that the piano expressively builds up.
The violin in Three
Songs can do something quiet different. It can play
several notes at a time, and there is never any need to stop and breathe in new
air. And then the violin has a naturally poetic, romantic sound which when
truly rhythmic recalls folk music and simple dances. Lundby-Jæger deploys the
whole arsenal in Three Songs. In the first song with the cryptic subtitle ‘Ikke sandt Leonardo!'
(Not so, Leonardo!) the violin takes the lead in long, sustained phrases, while
the piano stays more in the background with many shades of colouring. The
musical idiom in the next song, entitled ‘I lystens hav' (In the sea of
desire') is simpler, more direct and sensual than anything else on the CD. The
clear, bright sound of the violin is allowed to shine through like a human
voice dreamily singing a heartfelt song. In the last song, ‘Mr. Milgram', the
interplay again becomes more pulsating, and in the end goes all the way over to
playful, jazzy folk music, when Lundby-Jæger returns again and again in both
instruments to a simple rhythmic theme.