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Dacapo - The National Music Anthology of Denmark

Carl Nielsen sung by the Danish National Choirs


Danish National Children's Choir
Danish National Concert Choir
Danish National Girls Choir
Danish National Junior Choir
Danish National Vocal Ensemble
Phillip Faber, conductor
Michael Schønwandt, conductor
Susanne Wendt, conductor

Carl Nielsen, composer

About:

Carl Nielsen’s (1865-1931) large production of around 300 songs comes in many forms. In this collection we hear 25 choral versions of the most popular Nielsen songs like Den danske sang er en ung, blond pige and Solen er så rød, mor as well as more rarely heard or even unknown choral songs. Listen, for example, to the composer’s beautiful – but today entirely forgotten – proposal for a new Danish national anthem; a handful of fine pieces for male choir and not least a series of polyphonic songs for children’s and girls’ choir, including rare jewels and some of the most well-loved songs in Danish schools and homes today.

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Track listing:

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1

Der er et yndigt land (A fair and lovely land), CNW 351 (1924)

1:50 Play $1.40
version for mixed choir
2

Hjemve (Underlige aftenlufte!) (Homesickness: ‘Odd and unknown evening breezes’), CNW 205 (1924)

3:58 Play $1.40
version for mixed choir
From To skolesange (Two School Songs) (1929)
3

Blomsterstøv fra blomsterbæger (Flower pollen from profusion), CNW 343

2:31 Play $1.40
for mixed choir
 
4

Sidskensang (Du er, min tro, en underlig pog) (Siskin Song: ’You are, in truth, a curious pet’), CNW 348 (1906)

2:04 Play $1.40
for choir SSAT
5

Serenade (Gerne vi lytter, når strængene bringer) (Serenade: ’Gladly we listen when music may carry’), CNW 349 (1907)

3:05 Play $1.40
for mixed choir
6

Jeg bærer med smil min byrde (I take with a smile my burden), CNW 212 (1924)

1:39 Play $1.40
version for mixed choir
7

Kom, Gudsengel, stille død (Come, God’s angel, silent Death), CNW 350 (1907)

3:26 Play $1.40
for choir ATB
From To skolesange (Two School Songs) (1929)
8

Nu er for stakket tid forbi (It’s over for a short respite), CNW 344

1:38 Play $1.40
for mixed choir
 
9

Det bødes der for i lange år (You suffer throughout an age of pain), CNW 357 (1887)

2:48 Play $1.40
for male choir
10

Aftenstemning (Alt skoven sig fordunkler) (Evening: The woods are dimly listening), CNW 359

2:23 Play $1.40
for male choir
11

Påskeliljen (Påskeblomst! en dråbe stærk) (The Daffodil: ‘Easter bloom! A potent drink’), CNW 361 (1910)

2:47 Play $1.40
for male choir
12

Barnets sang (Kom, i dag må alle synge) (Children’s Song: ‘Come today and join the chorus’), CNW 301 (1905)

1:53 Play $1.40
for children’s choir
13

Grøn er vårens hæk (Springtime hedge is green), CNW 268

2:53 Play $1.40
for children’s choir
14

Jeg ved en lærkerede (Two larks in love have nested), CNW 262 (1924)

2:08 Play $1.40
for children’s choir
15

Solen er så rød, mor (Look! the sun is red, mum), CNW 263 (1924)

2:35 Play $1.40
for children’s choir
16

Sangen til Danmark (Som en rejselysten flåde) (The Song to Denmark: ’There’s a fleet of floating islands’), CNW 237 (1920)

4:53 Play $1.40
version for mixed choir
Arrangement of Kantate ved Aarhus Landsudstillings åbningshøjtidelighed 1909 (Cantata for the Opening Ceremony of the National Exhibition in Aarhus 1909) (1913)
for mixed choir
17

Danmark, du kornblonde datter (Denmark, ye corn-golden daughter), CNW 342

3:40 Play $1.40
18

Skummende lå havet (Foaming high, the waters rushed heavily ashore), CNW 341

1:14 Play $1.40
 
19

Fædrelandssang (Du danske mand! af al din magt) (Danish Patriotic Song: ’Sing, Danish man! With all your might’), CNW 288 (1906)

2:18 Play $1.40
version for male choir
20

Til snapsen i “Bel Canto” (Endskønt jeg ganske sikkert ved) (To the Schnapps in ‘Bel Canto’: Although I’m more convinced than not’), CNW 360 (1909)

1:01 Play $1.40
for male choir
21

Den danske sang er en ung, blond pige (The Danish song is a fair young maiden), CNW 271 (1926/27)

2:46 Play $1.40
for male choir
22

Nu sol i øst oprinder mild (Now sun arises in the East), CNW 186 (1914)

1:50 Play $1.40
version for girls’ choir
23

Jeg lægger mig så trygt til ro (In peace, I lay me down to sleep), CNW 269 (1924)

1:49 Play $1.40
for girls’ choir
24

Hjemve (Underlige aftenlufte!) (Homesickness: ‘Odd and unknown evening breezes’), CNW 205 (1924)

3:51 Play $1.40
for girls’ choir
25

Der er et yndigt land (A fair and lovely land), CNW 351 (1924)

2:17 Play $1.40
version for girls’ choir
Total playing time  63 minutes
From a Songwriter’s Workshop 

by Jens Cornelius

Carl Nielsen’s large production of around 300 songs – including a hundred for choirs – comes in many forms. In this collection we hear both choral versions of the best known Carl Nielsen songs and rarer or even unknown choral songs.

The framework is provided by Carl Nielsen’s fine proposal for a new Danish national anthem. In Denmark since the middle of the nineteenth century, two melodies have been used, the royal anthem King Christian stood by the lofty mast and the more ‘civilian’ A fair and lovely land. The original melody for the latter, by H.E. Krøyer from 1835, with its angular rhythms and melodic leaps, is not so singable. In 1923 Carl Nielsen made a striking exception to his principle of not ousting a melody that had already established itself. In this case, however, he thought he had to make the attempt for musical reasons. “It’s a difficult matter, since force of habit is strong, and it is probably true that it is not actually a musical question but something quite different,” he told the press before a people’s choir of a whole 900 singers gave his new melody its first performance. “The nation takes up a song and makes it a national anthem. No power on earth can prevent that; and when that happens it reflects the mood of the times much more than literary or musical taste. I consider that such a melody is more a symbol – like the flag, the cross or what have you – and therefore it does not have to be ‘good’ in and of itself; but ... well, now I am trying myself; so much for human logic!”

 

Carl Nielsen’s beautiful melody is the essence of his popular national style. Simple and straightforward, based on stepwise motion and with a peaceful character. Perhaps it hits off the style too well and with its gentleness does not live up to the dramatic expression in the poet-king Oehlenschläger’s words about the champions of the past, the assaults on foemen, King and Country. Despite many attempts Carl Nielsen’s melody has therefore never come close to knocking Krøyer’s from its perch – perhaps it will succeed this time, in connection with the 150th anniversary of Nielsen’s birth?

Carl Nielsen’s many well-loved songs from the 1910s and 1920s were as a rule composed as monophonic melodies with piano accompaniment. But the songs already became popular among Danish choirs in Nielsen’s own time, and polyphonic versions began to spread. Carl Nielsen himself did some of the arrangements and had plans to do more. Among the popular songs he himself arranged for choir are There’s a fleet of floating islands, Odd and unknown evening breezes and I take with a smile my burden. The last two originally come from the watershed collection A Score of Danish Songs which Nielsen made in 1915-17 in collaboration with the hymnodist Thomas Laub.

Over the next few years Nielsen’s Danish songs made such a great impression on the population that he was often sent verses and asked to set them to music. This is how one of the most popular of the songs, The Danish song is a fair young maiden, was written in 1925 for an occasional text by Kai Hoffmann.

In the musical life of our time the mixed choir of men’s and women’s voices is the norm. This was not the case in Carl Nielsen’s time, when male choirs were more widespread than today, and when polyphonic music was often written for school choirs.

Some of Nielsen’s earliest choral songs were for male choir. You suffer throughout an age of pain was written in 1887 at the urging of his music theory teacher, Orla Rosenhoff. The verses are by J.P. Jacobsen, who was Carl Nielsen’s favourite poet at the time.

At the time the male voice choir was commonly used not least in cantatas. From his Cantata for the Opening Ceremony of the National Exhibition in Aarhus (1909) Nielsen later took two sections and published them for mixed choir. Howe­ver, Foaming high, the waters first had to have a new text that did not concentrate so much on the city of Aarhus.

Sing, Danish man is probably the most appropriate of all the songs for male choir. It was written as the opening number for the Tivoli Revue in 1906, and the poet Holger Drachmann’s liberal use of national symbols might today cast some doubt on the seriousness of the song. It was not perceived that way in Nielsen’s time, when Sing, Danish man was one of his most popular songs. He made six arrangements of it, including this one for male choir. Today the song has been judged as dated and has been removed from the High School Song Book, the current canon for “the Danish national treasury of song”.

On the other hand another song for male choir, The Daffodil, has gained currency as a monophonic community song and is established today – with a slightly different text selection – as one of the most well loved Danish hymns, Easter bloom, what wilt thou here.

For the newly founded Copenhagen male choir Bel Canto Carl Nielsen wrote the beautiful Evening in 1908 and the next year supplied the same choir with an absolutely profane drinking song for use after the choir rehearsals, To the Schnapps in ‘Bel Canto’. But male-choir singing declined in Denmark in the course of the twentieth century, among other reasons as a result of an anti-elitist attitude that made the academic male choirs seem self-important and a gender equality policy that replaced the worker’s singing clubs with mixed choirs; a development that Carl Nielsen himself also chose to support.

Some of the songs on this album are entirely unknown today, even to Carl Nielsen fans. The two school songs Flower pollen from profusion and It’s over for a short respite were written in May 1929 as a commission from the school Birkerød Statsskole and supplied within a few days so they were ready for the end of the summer term. Although they are school songs, they are arranged for adult voices, because the pupils could go on to the school leaving exam. Today, with their artful texts by Viggo Stuckenberg, they have passed out of use in the school (although the composer had been promised that “your music will always sound out here – also one day when we no longer have the good fortune and joy to count yourself among us”).

Siskin song for the unusual configuration SSAT is a virtuoso piece to teasing verses by Emil Aare­strup about an absent-minded nerd who has no time for dalliance. But today the title of the song has become an obstacle, for the name of the bird “siskin” is no longer understood as synonymous with an impertinent person. Come, God’s angel, silent Death has an unusual ensemble, ATB, and like Siskin song was written for the Madrigal Choir of the Cecilia Society which, under the leadership of Nielsen’s future conductor colleague (and rival) at the Royal Theatre, Frederik Rung, worked with Italian Renaissance music and urged the composers of the time to write in the old style.

Serenade is related to the seductive serenades in triple time by Carl Nielsen’s older colleague P.E. Lange-Müller, the Nestor of Danish musical life after 1900. Or perhaps it is rather a nod to the lately deceased Peter Heise, the most significant Danish composer of ‘romances’ in the nineteenth century. For Nielsen wrote Serenade in honour of Heise’s widow, who held singing soirées in her home. Carl Nielsen’s Serenade, however, has unmistakable features, including the archaic final cadence, which neither Heise nor Lange-Müller could have written.

Two children’s songs which are among Carl Nielsen’s very best known compositions in Denmark were also made in versions for child’s choir: Look, the sun is red and Two larks in love have nested. The wholly forgotten Children’s song from 1915 is one of the two songs Carl Nielsen wrote in support of Child Welfare Day. And the goodnight song In peace I lay me down to sleep as well as the morning hymn Now sun arises in the east make sense, of course, in a choral version for high voices, but it is less obvious that Nielsen made versions for children’s choir of the song about the homesick cosmopolitan traveller, Odd and unknown evening breezes, and Springtime hedge is green, which is about a love-hungry young man. That Nielsen wrote a version of A fair and lovely land for children’s choir on the other hand shows how keen he was to make an impact with his new national anthem. He left us a whole seven different arrangements plus drafts for even more. And surely many people today would wish that the Danish national anthem had been written by the national composer, Carl Nielsen?

© Jens Cornelius, 2015

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Recorded at the Garrison Church (Garnisons Kirke), Copenhagen, on 18-20 June 2014,
7-8 May 2015, June 2015 and on 24 August 2015 
Recording producer: Preben Iwan
Editing: Mette Due and Preben Iwan
Recording engineer, mix and mastering: Preben Iwan
Executive choir producers: Ivar Munk (Vocal Ensemble and Concert Choir)
and Anne Karine Prip (Girls, Junior and Children’s Choirs)

Recorded in the DXD audio format (Digital eXtreme Definition), 352.8 kHz/32bit,
Microphone main array: 3x DPA 4006TL
Pyramix DAW system with with Horus Converter/Preamps and Tango Controller.
Monitored on B&W 802 Diamond speakers

Graphic design: Denise Burt, elevator-design.dk

Publisher: The Carl Nielsen Edition, www.kb.dk

With generous support from the Carl Nielsen & Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen Foundation

This CD has been recorded in cooperation with DR (Danish Broadcasting Corporation)

Label: Dacapo

Format: CD

Catalogue Number: 8.226112

Barcode: 636943611227

Release Date: December 2015

Digital booklet (pdf) available for download customers

Reviews

American Record Guide
"All the groups are wonderful, even the children [..] What comes through again and again is the beauty of Nielsen’s writing, heavily triadic with sparing dissonance and no hint of dark emotion." [..]
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Fanfare
[..] "The performances by all concerned are superbly done - obviously labors of love - and uniformly well recorded. [..]This is simply a delight [..] Enthusiastically recommended."
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Gramophone
“The hero of Dacapo’s recent recording of Nielsen’s ensemble songs isn’t so much the composer himself as DR (…) whose comprehensive upward-feeding choral system is profiled in its entirety here. Denmark is singing very well, and with a system like this, will continue to do so.”
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The Classical Reviewer
"This is a very fine selection of Nielsen’s often neglected songs bringing together Denmark’s finest national choirs. They are beautifully recorded in the fine acoustic of the Garnisons Church, Copenhagen."
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MusicWeb International
"The affection and care shine through. Recording quality is excellent. This CD is an essential purchase, not only for lovers of Nielsen but for anyone who loves the sound of unaccompanied choirs."
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