Born in 1944 in Rostov-on-Don, Fedor Gluschenko began studying violin at an early age, then studied composition for two years at the Moscow Conservatory before moving to St. Petersburg. There, he began his conducting studies and graduated from the St. Petersburg Conservatory. Gluschenko later took postgraduate studies at the Vienna Academy with Karl Osterreicher and Otmar Suitner, and also took classes with Herbert von Karajan.
In 1971 Gluschenko was appointed Chief Conductor of the Karelian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra and, in 1973, was named Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Ukrainian State Symphony Orchestra in Kiev. Gluschenko has conducted every year in Great Britain since 1989, where he works with the five BBC Orchestras, as well as the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, the Hallé Symphony Orchestra and The Philharmonia Orchestra. For several years Gluschenko conducted the Ulster Orchestra at the Belfast Festival, and conducted Promenade concerts in the Royal Albert Hall in London. Among the soloists with whom Gluschenko has performed are Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet, Mstislav Rostropovich and many others. Fedor Gluschenko has been the permanent guest conductor of the State Symphony and Moscow Philharmonic Orchestras since 1991.