Erik Jørgensen (1912-2005). Danish composer. A brother of the artist Jørgen Mogens Jørgensen, he began studies in 1928 with Rung-Keller (organ), Jeppesen (theory), Rachlew (piano) and Høffding (composition). He passed the organ examinations at the Copenhagen Conservatory in 1931, and the pedagogical examinations in piano, theory and history in 1948. In 1936 he studied conducting with Sherschen in Geneva, and in 1947 he was appointed to teach music theory, history and analysis at the Copenhagen Institute for the Blind.``From 1933 to 1943 his compositional style was influenced by Stravinsky, Bartok and Hindemith. An intensive study of Schönberg's music led him to produce his only dogmatic atonal work, Modello per archi (1957), and he derived further stimulus from the 1960 ISCM Festival and the 1962 Darmstadt summer courses. In the early 1960s he used a free 12-note style (as in Figure in Tempo, 1961, revised 1968), but his most frequently performed composition, the Quintet for two pianos, percussion and double bass (1962-63), is not dodecaphonic. He has written much for chamber ensemble, including Astolabium (1964, discussed by him in Dansk Musiktidsskrift, XI, 1965, p.689 and the String Quartet (1964-65). Each of these employs a unique method, drawing on chance elements. The young people's opera The Shadow of a Dream (1969), in which quodlibets and collages materials from rock music, Gesualdo and Beethoven, won a competition sponsored by Det Unge Toneselskab; it was followed by another children's opera The fairy tale (1974). Other works of this period include two orchrestral pieces Notturno (1965-66) and Confrontations (1967-68), a group of small choral compositions (1971) and Moods and states for flute, horn, violin and cello (1973).
``Willian H. Reynolds, The New Grove